institution


institution
institute, institution
Both words are used with reference to organizations and societies set up to pursue some specific literary, scientific, legal, or social purpose, and choice usually depends on the form already used for a particular name. The earliest institute mentioned in the OED is the Mechanics' Institute (established in 1823), and the earliest institution is the Royal Masonic Benevolent Institution (founded in 1798). Famous recent examples include the Women's Institute (first established in Canada in 1897 and then extended to other countries in the early 20c) and the British Standards Institution (the UK national body on standards, established in the 20c). In the generalized meaning ‘something established by law or custom’, as applied for example in the UK to the monarchy, the Grand National, the last night of the Proms, etc., (though no longer to capital punishment and the Workhouse, which featured in Fowler's 1926 list), institution is the only word used.

Modern English usage. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • institution — [ ɛ̃stitysjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1190; lat. institutio I ♦ 1 ♦ Rare Action d instituer. ⇒ création, établissement, fondation. L institution d une fête annuelle, d une commission d enquête. L institution du calendrier grégorien en 1582. « l institution du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • institution — in‧sti‧tu‧tion [ˌɪnstˈtjuːʆn ǁ ˈtuː ] noun 1. [countable] a large important organization: • Japanese institutions are steadily increasing their presence in Europe. • the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors deˈpository instiˌtution… …   Financial and business terms

  • institution — Institution. s. f. v. Action par laquelle on instituë, on establit. L Institution des jeux Olympiques. l institution d un tel Ordre. l institution des Pairs de France, du Parlement. les paroles sont de l institution des hommes. c est une loüable …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Institution — In sti*tu tion, n. [L. institutio: cf. F. institution.] [1913 Webster] 1. The act or process of instituting; as: (a) Establishment; foundation; enactment; as, the institution of a school. [1913 Webster] The institution of God s law is described… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • institution — institution, social institution The use of the term institution in sociology, meaning established aspects of society, is close to that in common English usage. However, there have been some changes over time in the exact conceptualization of the… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • institution — in·sti·tu·tion n 1: the act of instituting 2: a significant practice, relationship, or organization in a society or culture the institution of marriage 3: an established organization or corporation esp. of a public character; specif: a facility… …   Law dictionary

  • Institution — (v. lat. Institutio), 1) Einsetzung, Einrichtung, bes. die politischen Einrichtungen eines Staates, welche die Rechte u. Freiheiten der Staatsbürger der Regierung gegenüber garantiren sollen; 2) Beförderung zu einem Amte od. einer Kirchenpfründe; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Institution — (lat.), Stiftung, Anordnung, Einrichtung, bes. Staats und bürgerliche Einrichtung; auch Einsetzung in ein Amt. Institutionen, Unterweisungen, Teil des Corpus juris, welcher eine enzyklopäd. Übersicht des röm. Rechts enthält, unter Justinian 533… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • institution — c.1400, action of establishing or founding (a system of government, a religious order, etc.), from O.Fr. institucion foundation; thing established, from L. institutionem (nom. institutio) disposition, arrangement; instruction, education, noun of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Institution — [Network (Rating 5600 9600)] …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • institution — ► NOUN 1) an important organization or public body, such as a university, bank, hospital, or Church. 2) an organization providing residential care for people with special needs. 3) an established law or custom. 4) informal a well established and… …   English terms dictionary